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The Amazon forest encompasses the single largest remaining tropical rainforest in the world and represents more than half of Earth’s remaining rainforest and covers an area of 5.5 billion km2, about 60 percent of which is in Brazil.

Mr Bolsonaro, Brazil’s new president promised environmental protection should not hinder economic growth. He favours business over biodiversity and calls for pro-market ways of exploiting Brazil’s natural resources. One of his first moves were to transfer regulation of Indigenous lands in the Amazon rainforest to the Ministry of Agriculture, an agency known to favour development over sustainability and Indigenous rights.

This has raised the alarm bells critics say this is a dangerous move. Many Brazilians worry it will lead to increased deforestation, weaken Amazon protections and give Indigenous people less control over their ancestral lands.

Klaus Thymann was travelling in the Amazon and photographed some of the pristine forest and a few places where deforestation was evident. Working with CNN’s digital platform as presenter, journalist and image maker a 18 min doc was created.

The Amazon houses at least 10% of the world’s known biodiversity and is home to more than 30 million people living across a vast region subdivided into nine different national political systems 9%, or 2.7 million of the Amazon’s population is still made up of indigenous people 350 different ethnic groups more than 60 of which still remain largely isolated.

Carbon loss from biomass and soil makes a significant contribution to global warming through emissions with each year’s deforestation. If deforestation was a country it would be the world’s 3rd largest emitter. Half a century ago, the Amazon covered an area about the size of the lower 48 United States. Since then, more than 16 percent of that area has fallen to loggers, miners and land-grabbers. Direct human impacts like these have long defined the battle to save the rainforest